Alopecia or hair loss is a common occurrence and is associated with patches of hair loss from scalp, eyebrows and face. Regulatory T-cells in skin are critical in inducing stem cells within hair follicles to regenerate and cause hair growth, according to scientists from UC San Francisco. Without the Tregs, the stem cells cannot regenerate, consequently resulting in baldness.
Shingles is a condition that causes a painful skin rash with blisters. It appears along a nerve due to reactivation of varicella zoster infection. Acyclovir, a nucleoside analogue, is the first successful antiviral medication, and works well against most species in the herpesvirus family. It is effective against viral infections that include herpes simplex virus (HSV1 and HSV2) infections, chickenpox, and shingles.
Gestational diabetes is a condition in which a woman without diabetes may develop high blood sugar levels during the second trimester of pregnancy. Women who are exposed to cold temperatures during pregnancy may have a lower rate of gestational diabetes when compared to those exposed to hotter temperatures, finds a new study from St. Michael's Hospital.